Updated 7 months 1 day ago
Every year, tens of thousands of women, men and children are ill-treated, abducted or raped as they travel through Mexico without legal permission as irregular migrants. The vast majority are headed for the US border in the hope of new life far from the crippling poverty they are fleeing. Their journey is one of the most dangerous in the world. Arbitrary detention and extortion by public officials are common. Many simply disappear without trace, kidnapped and killed, or robbed, assaulted and thrown off speeding trains. For those who survive the extreme insecurity and dangers of the journey through Mexico, reaching the US border brings its own hazards. Increased US immigration enforcement in certain border areas has pushed undocumented immigrants to use particularly dangerous routes through the US desert; hundreds of people die each year as a result.
The devastating abuses that take place against migrants is a cross border issue, involving both the United States and Mexican societies. But currently, their deaths, like their lives, remain largely hidden from view. For the families back home, there is little hope of ever finding out what happened.
How could technology, applications and digital services make the invisible visible with regard to abuses committed against migrants, and be used to support both migrants and their networks in a safe way, helping mitigate the risks and reduce the number of people who die each year?
1. Aggregate and visualize data for advocacy: How can we make invisible crimes visible without putting migrants at risk?
- Could we create a simple, accessible digital system to provide a means for the networks of civil society organizations and shelters on the ground who could/can/are collecting and capturing data to aggregate and share this information?
- Could we facilitate a form of ‘check in’, which migrants can do from specific safe points on their journey?
- How could we collect this information in a manner that is safe and secure and does not put migrants at further risk?
- How could we capture more migrant stories/voices anonymously at these safe points, for use as testimony and to use for informing others who consider making the journey of the risks involved?
- How could we create anonymous visualizations based on these routes and stories for use in advocacy?
- Numbers and routes
- Abuses by smugglers
- Sexual violence
- Police and state abuse
- Being thrown back over the border (when not allowed even though they’re at risk)
- Documenting deaths
- Water points and shelters
- Could we develop a lo-fi, social web based missing and unidentified person system to provide more reliable information to families whose loved ones disappear?
- Could we create a platform that supports knowledge transfer, allowing for posting missing members, sightings, news and locations?
- Increase awareness of risks - how to get more accurate information available, in a secure and anonymous way
- Increase awareness of rights - what are local laws, places to report abuse and how, knowing what they should be able to claim/demand of local authorities
- Increase awareness of help they can get along the way - where are safe routes, houses, telephone numbers, alert systems, rescue and distress. Using maps, satellites, crowd-sourcing etc, alternative emergency service number?
Updated 7 months 1 day ago
In Ghana we used a lot of shared transportation. The lowest cost form of shared transport is the tro-tro which is a privately owned van that sells tickets to the public. Using the tro-tro system is a frustrating experience for Ghanaians, but remains the only option for lower income individuals. Usually this meant that you would show up to a station buy a ticket and then wait an unknown amount of time until all the other tickets for the car were sold. In many cases this meant waiting around in the car and wasting a lot of time. For some folks traveling to remote location this would mean waiting for hours with no guarantee that the car would fill up. If it didn't the driver may stay in town and the passenger could be stranded.
Typically the system works in two ways. The “station model” is when passengers would show up to a station and buy tickets from a central ticketing station. This person usually is selling tickets for 2 or more cars. Passengers buy a ticket and wait, usually in the car. The car will leave once all the tickets are sold. The “line car model” is used along main roads where there is no station. For these tro-tro’s routes, a car will travel between two stations, picking up passengers along the roadside if they have room. This is another frustrating experience as passengers must stand on the road for an unknown amount of time asking each car where it is going until they find their desired car.
We are looking for a simple app that would facilitate real time communication between passengers and tro-tro operators. This could be a simple app that the ticket salesman could update every time a ticket was sold and would make that information available to waiting passengers. This would give passengers the freedom to leave the station and take care of other things while they wait. It could be similar to how hostesses at some restaurants let you know when your table is available by sending you a text message. Or it could be the driver sends SMS to short code number with phone number of each passenger as they pay. When the driver has only one seat left to be sold, he sends a certain message (e.g. "Full") to the short code number, and it automatically sends an SMS to all paid passengers saying the taxi is about to leave. Or a short code that would allow them to advertise their want of a ride to “line car” tro-tro’s so that they can let them know when to expect a car to come by.
Updated 7 months 2 days ago
Teaching financial literacy to kids is difficult, because they dont care. But there are things they do care about, liking going to a concert or buying a pair of shoes. So, we encourage them to maintain a wishlist of things they want to buy and help them with come up with a savings plan to achieve it through their smartphone app
Updated 7 months 2 days ago
This problem statement is for the Sanitation Hackathon, December 1-2, 2012. Original statement can be found at: http://www.sanitationhackathon.org/sanitation-girls-education-empowermentMonitoring girls' attendance at schools after implementing gender-friendly sanitation facilities Crisis statement
In developing countries, menstruation is the number one cause of school absenteeism, ahead of malaria and other diseases - it can cause girls to miss up to 20% of school days, and is a major barrier to empowering women and girls . Menstrual health education and gender-friendly sanitation facilities go a long way towards improving the situation, but we need to monitor to ensure that girls' attendance in schools picks up after providing menstrual health education/gender-friendly sanitation facilities.
For more information on why this matters for education and development, see http://sanitationupdates.wordpress.com/tag/menstrual-hygiene/ and http://www.wateraid.org/documents/MHM/Menstrual-hygiene-matters-complete-HR.pdfNeeds statement
A text-based app would enable a (girl) class rep to 'check in' the number of girls attending school over a period of time, and would enable the NGO to see whether menstrual education and/or gender-friendly facilities improve girls' school attendance. The results would be fed into a map and would also show trends over time.
The girls would also be able to text to request a visit from the menstrual health education facilititator. The requests would be fed into the same map showing number of requests per area in order to coordinate the facilitator's schedule and itinerary.
Updated 7 months 2 days ago
What we do
NextGenU.org is the world’s first free, accredited, higher education. Starting with a focus in the health sciences, NextGenU.org partners with leading universities, professional societies, and government organizations like the U.S. CDC, World Bank, and World Health Organization. NextGenU.org’s accredited partners give learners credit for this training (or institutions can adopt them and use them with their students), all (for the first time ever) for free (and without advertisements). All our courses are competency-based, and include a global peer community of practice, and local skills-oriented mentorships. Founded in 2001, we launched our first full course (Emergency Medicine) in March 2012: initial data show that NextGenU’s training performs comparably to traditional American medical schooling. We are the first cost, barrier, advertisement, and carbon-free education available to the whole world.
We are creating courses to serve the world and are looking for volunteers, Generally these would be at-least bachelor’s degree level individuals with expertise -- typically in a topic on which we don’t yet have a course going – we’ve got 115 such courses underway. Such people can help us create new courses, or improve existing courses, or provide technical expertise to help us build a solution that works even better with our model.
Updated 7 months 2 days ago
Low reporting of cases of corruption and other injustices in Rwanda:
Citizens are reluctant to directly report corruption and related malpractices. This is caused a lack of confidentiality of reporting systems, limited physical accessibility of complaint mechanisms, costs involved with reporting and some cultural traditions. The barriers to reporting complaints have a negative effect on good governance and fight against corruption.
A mobile and web based application to collect complaints, in a confidential ways, more citizens complaints will be filed.
Lack of Effective Governance and Financial Management Systems and
Lack of key Local Stakeholders participation and involvement for efficient Service Delivery in Local Councils in Sierra Leone
The problem is above is caused by an assumed Lack of capacity of local councils to understand local development challenges, needs and priorities. There is also a general lack of knowledge in budget and procurement laws coupled with inadequate provision of in depth information on councils activities and projects.
There is still low level of community awareness on information regarding essential medicines and corruption reporting of the theft incidences; and health workers are still exploiting loopholes in the medical service delivery systems. The rural poor health users of Northern specifically in Lira, Oyam, Okole, Dokolo and Gulu will be targeted with awareness messages on the essential drugs in the Luo and English to ensure that they participate in corruption reporting regarding public free drugs.
More community awareness and ICT platforms will enable the “rural-poor” health users to report different forms of corruption specifically drug theft and absenteeism of health workers through SMS; such information once received by TI Uganda will be shared with respective district health officers and other stakeholders for collective action to be taken.
Inadequate complaints handling mechanisms currently exist in institutions in Kenya and East Africa, where in Institutions are not responsive to complaints. According to the latest East African Bribery Index Report, only 5.5% of Kenyans report complaints, as most (36.1%) know that no action will be taken. However, the management of an institution is the first place 41.1% of people report to. These figures imply that there are inadequate structures in place within the institutions to handle such incidences.
Many institutions do not have a proper complaints handling system, relying on manual systems which results in complaints not being handled, passed on effectively, or lost.
An all in one sophisticated corruption reporting tool that can be easily deployed at an organization. This can be cloud based or hosted at the organization. As the vast majority (75%) of Kenyans do not have Internet access, an SMS based solution will be the most accessible to Kenyans, especially the older demographic who most commonly report corruption.
Some desired features include:
· SMS based interface for user reporting
· Escalation capability and
· Instant SMS feedback mechanism when case moves in workflow
· Website based reporting
· Statistical (non confidential) data will be fed back to TI for reporting purposes.
· Built in external interface to refer complaints to other agencies
A lack of access to information, poor knowledge management, in climate finance management and other natural resources
The above has caused: poor governance resulting in poor performance of the institutions on interactions with stakeholders. This has somewhat caused instances of embezzlement, double counting of carbon units, and in forestry; forest crime (such as illegal logging, arson, poaching, or encroachment) are a problem in many areas. In Kenya, alleged corruption in the forest/natural resource sector and rent seeking has caused forest/mining/natural resource agencies to lose both revenue and credibility.
A user friendly forest and natural resource management inventories and a natural resource management system that is robust.
· Tailored advocacy campaigns through text messaging and Internet social networking sites
- Crowd-sourcing—mapping for the people, by the people
- Collaborative and participatory mapping
- Forest cover and carbon stock assessment tool (CDM projects)
- Climate finance tracking through bar codes, GPS
- Loot easy to get application to serve as teasers…that can easily go undetected
- Owner/manager unaware of inventory and value (for organizations)
- Corruption databases/ case management systems
Embracing ICTs to empower Zimbabwean citizens to report corruption: Exploring FREE SMS Platform to fight corruption in Zimbabwe.
Updated 7 months 2 days ago
An application built on mobile technology to help people be peace-makers.
Did you know that if people in conflict can express the human needs they're hoping to meet and are understood by the other party (parties) and vice-versa, it takes roughly 20 minutes to find ways to move forward peacefully?
The difficulty is that most of us live in unawareness of our needs and therefore we're also unaware of other peoples needs, so the strategies we use are often w-a-y wide of the mark.Once people build a needs language (another word might be human values), they can start a dialogue which has been proven over and over again to solve conflict peacefully. Once needs are on the table, it takes roughly 20 minutes to choose solutions. It's an empowering process, very quick to learn, although admittedly it requires lots of practice, practice, practice for people to integrate the habit of searching for needs. Everyone seems to be able to learn this universal language but it's not been viral enough to stop fighting and wars which are still going on today. And it's time to get together and support a peaceful process to go viral. Everywhere. And I mean everywhere.
So I'd like to be part of this team which uses the collective intelligence of trainers like me who know about and can train people in the process with the collective intelligence of hacker skills needed to build an app in lots of languages to support people in conflict so they can find their way through to a peaceful solution.
Updated 7 months 3 days ago
In India, basic infrastructural decay and other quality-of-life issues can go completely unnoticed or unaddressed by those who can help. With rampant corruption, no-show government contractors, and limited access to media outlets, citizens are frequently at a loss for ways that they can bring grievances to local officials. And when those officials finally show some public recognition of these problems, it's often in the form of empty promises made during election season.
While numerous transparency bills have recently been introduced at various levels of government, few give citizens the ability to post evidence of local problems, collaboratively assess the efforts to resolve them, and then escalate their ownership to higher levels if necessary. The notion of "closing" a local issue is also not necessarily the same for all stakeholders, especially when much of the affected electorate will settle for simple problem recognition from members of the government.
Updated 7 months 3 days ago
Every day hundreds of women in Azerbaijan are victim to different types of harassment because of corruption, often being asked by men in positions of power to provide them with sexual bribes. But for the most part, their abusers remain unpunished. Moreover, women usually do not have a means of reporting incidents or are reluctant to do so due to the unique sensitivity of harassment issues in Azerbaijani society.
TI Azerbaijan is expanding its Advocacy and Legal Centre program with the aim of strengthening the responses of both government and civil society to corruption in the country. This is part of the Azerbaijan Partnership for Transparency project which focuses on the social inclusion of vulnerable groups. While women fall into this category, at present there is no way of responding to reports of harassment in an efficient and legitimate way.
Women may feel ashamed to report cases to the police as they are often met with negligence and indifference towards their concerns, with officers tending to blame women themselves for giving men “the grounds” for harassment. In addition, international research and practice has shown that women are particularly vulnerable to instances of corruption where instead of money exchanging hands, they are asked for sex in exchange for social services that should be provided for free.
Protecting women who become victims of sexual harassment in Azerbaijan is therefore very difficult, along with the tasks of increasing awareness of the issue in local government and demanding that authorities respond to incidents accordingly.
As it stands, there are no online portals that allow women to anonymously report incidents of violence. However, there are examples of such platforms (e.g. Balkan and Egypt models) which have had a positive impact on both contributing to the evidence-based practice and government responsiveness to the problem. As this is a pilot initiative in Azerbaijan, initially the platform will be launched for women to report harassment cases in Baku (the capital city). Therefore, the target group for the pilot initiative will be women living in Baku.
Through such online platform, women in Baku will be able to anonymously report incidents of harassment via SMS, email, as well as if possible (in terms of anonymity and confidentiality concerns) through Facebook and Twitter to a site that would map and categorize the facts of harassment and would also let women share their stories.
Updated 7 months 3 days ago
We're coming from a slightly different direction to most problem proposers. We're not an organisation per se and have a half formed solution that will actually help many other problems proposed, especially those looking to map community resources, services and groups.
Our problem is hoping to encourage many RHOKers to help us improve our open source, community run solution and create a flexible community mapping tool useful for many applications instead of creating yet more tools with functionality duplication and relying on one person or group to run, one source of funding or one focus.
To achieve this CommunityFinder is designed to be open end to end, with all code free, distributable and modifiable. The code aside, we intend to allow the import of many different data sources such as relevant Sensis and VicMap data as well as allowing the extraction of subsets of data as a map or several other formats (KML, CSV etc…) along geographical or subject lines (i.e. an LGA might be interested in everything in their area, someone interested in food, might like to see all food resources in Australia etc).
Technically our current overarching aims are
- To create a platform agnostic web app wrapped in PhoneGap based on the current site.
- Upgrade the mapping framework from Google Maps API V2 to V3